Lakes are ecologically precious water bodies. Conservation and development of these invaluable, traditional water bodies are of paramount importance. Due to rapid urbanization and industrialization, the majority of these lakes have now come either under encroachment or have lost their original characteristics. Most of the world’s lakes are in Canada, Russia, Alaska, Sweden and Finland. Though tropical countries are also flush with lakes, the northern countries lead the lake count, because there is simply less land farther south. In this article, we will talk about the importance of lake conservation.
Lake as Water Sources
Water use in any country is distributed for household use, industrial use, and agricultural use. Lakes are a vital source of water for all of these uses. Obviously, these requirements vary considerably among regions, climates, and countries. Lake water is also invaluable as a source for hydroelectric power generation. Hydroelectric power accounts for about ten percent of generated power in Japan, nearly all the water for which comes from artificial and natural lakes. Lake water is also used extensively for cooling purposes. Although this water may not be affected chemically, its change in thermal quality may be detrimental to the environment into which it is disposed. Both fossil-fuelled and nuclear power plants are major users of cooling water. Steel mills and various chemical plants also require large quantities.
Lakes as Tourist and Recreation Locations
People feel relaxed around water as symbolized by the expression “water and greenery”. People use lakeshores for talking walks and other recreation and other sports activities such as boating and fishing. In India, Dal Lake is one of the famous lakes and an icon of the state’s tourism industry. Lake Pichola in the Udaipur city of Rajasthan is also the major tourist attractions in the Royal state. In the United States, Lake Superior is considered the best for fishing and Crater Lake for scuba diving. Many people also visit dam reservoirs near major cities and tourist spots. Gose Reservoir (Iwate Pref.) and Kamafusa Reservoir (Miyagi Pref.) in Japan attract a lot of tourists and visitors.
Lakes as Biodiversity Conservation Areas
Human should conserve biodiversity because of its benefit for example services and biological resources which are essential to live our life on earth. However, it also provides spiritual benefits as well as social benefit. Lake Superior in North America is a lake of extraordinary biodiversity. It contains endemic fishes, a unique deep-water form of Lake Trout, and the cool coastlines and islands harbour arctic-alpine plants and Woodland Caribou. It is also a region of growing threats. Lakes are not homes just for fish but also for waterfowl and many other life forms. Notably in the case of migratory birds, if one habitat deteriorates, the ecosystem in the destination country is affected as well. Chilika Lake in India is the largest wintering ground for migratory birds in the Indian sub-continent. The lake is home to a number of threatened species of plants and animals.
Thus, you discover the lakes are more than merely a simple body of water used by many people to enjoy recreational activities. They are important ecosystems that, when prized and cared for, can sustain a healthy balance of aquatic life, provide us with much enjoyment, and help support our socioeconomic needs. It is our duty to continue to practice stewardship in our lakes by keeping them healthy for all, particularly those who depend on them.